As scientists scramble to determine whether there is life on Mars, a researcher at the University of Ohio in the US believes that there is evidence of insect-like organisms on the red planet.
Courtesy photos from various Mars rovers, research by Professor Emeritus William Romosers found numerous examples of insect-like forms, which are structured like bees, as well as reptile-like forms, both fossils and living creatures.
“There is and still is life on Mars,” Romoser said, noting that the pictures appear to show both fossils and living beings.
“There is a clear diversity among Martian insect-like organisms, which exhibit many of the same characteristics as Terran insects, which are interpreted as advanced groups – for example, the presence of wings, wing flexion, agile gliding / Flight and various structured leg elements, “added Romrose.
Romoser said that while Martian rovers, especially curiosity rovers, are looking for indicators of biological activity, there are several photographs that clearly depict insect- and reptile-like forms.
Many photos show images where arthropod body segments, with legs, antennae and wings, can be ejected from the surrounding area, and even show one of the pests in a steep dive before hitting the ground Appears for.
Individual images were carefully studied when changing photographic parameters such as brightness, contrast, saturation, inversion, and so on. No content was added, or removed.
Criteria used in Romoser’s research include: dramatic departure from the surroundings, clarity of form, body symmetry, division of body parts, repetitive forms, skeletal remains, and observation of forms in proximity to each other.
Specifically asana, evidence of motion, flight, explicit interaction, as suggested by relative positions, and luminous eyes were taken to correspond to the presence of living forms.
“Once a clear image of a given form was identified and described, it was useful in facilitating the recognition of other less obvious, but none the less valid, images of the same original form,” Romoser said. said. ”
An exoskeleton and joint appendages are sufficient to establish identity as an arthropod.
Three body zones, a pair of antennae and six legs have traditionally been sufficient to establish an identity as an ‘insect’ on Earth.
Similarly, to identify an organism on Mars, these characteristics must be valid like insects. Arthropod, insect-like forms can be seen in photographs of Mars rovers at these locations. ”
These creatures resemble loose bees or carpenter bees on Earth. Other images show these “bees” as shelters or nests in caves. And others show a fossilized creature that resembles a snake.
“The presence of high metazoan organisms means the presence of nutrients / energy sources and processes, food chains and webs, and water on Mars as elements that work in a viable, if extreme, way to sustain ecological life. Enough is enough, ”Romos said.
He said, “The evidence of life on Mars presented here provides a strong foundation for many additional important biological and social and political questions.”
The study was presented at the national meeting of the Entomological Society of America.