A crater on Pluto got named after this India-born scientist

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A crater on Pluto got named after this India-born scientist

Pluto, the dwarf planet of our solar system, has now officially got an Indian connection as an astronomical crater named after India-born scientist Bishun Khare earlier this month.

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) approved a second set of feature names on Pluto earlier this month, including 14 feature names proposed by the team behind NASA’s New Horizons mission, which released Pluto’s first reconnaissance and New Horizons With this, the moons were taken out. Spacecraft back in 2015.

Bishun Khare was born on 27 June 1933 in Varanasi (known as Banaras). He earned degrees in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics from Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and a doctorate in Physics from Syracuse University in New York. Subsequently, he did post-doctoral research at both the State University of New York (Stony Brook) and the University of Toronto.

Indian Scientific Name on Pluto, Bishun Khare, Bishun Khare SETI, Bishun Khare Scientist, International Astronomical Association, IAU, Bishun Khare NASA, Bishun Khare Pluto, Khare Crater
Khare was born on 27 June 1933 in Varanasi (formerly known as Banaras). He had worked on tholins, an organic molecule causing the darkest and reddest areas on Pluto. (Image Source: Seti Institute)
From the 1960s to the 1990s he worked at Cornell University and with Carl Sagan and published about 100 papers. He moved to NASA AIIMS in 1996 as a Senior National Research Fellow, and later joined the SETI Institute in 1998. He died in August 2013 at the age of 80.

Over the course of his career, Khare investigated the formation of compounds that create thick haze that sparks Saturn’s moon Titan and methane and other organic compounds that burst from his sister moon, Enceladus. Many of these compounds were brought into existence with the help of photochemical reactions.

According to a statement from the IAU, Khare worked on tholins, an organic molecule that causes the darkest and reddest areas on Pluto. In addition to Khare, other features were named after celebrities such as the Wright Brothers, Percival Lovell – an American astronomer and Swiss physicist August Piccard.

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Indian Scientific Name on Pluto, Bishun Khare, Bishun Khare SETI, Bishun Khare Scientist, International Astronomical Association, IAU, Bishun Khare NASA, Bishun Khare Pluto, Khare Crater
This map, compiled from images and data collected by NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft during its flight through the Pluto system in 2015, has the Pluto feature names approved by the International Astronomical Union. The names of the newest round of nominations are in yellow. (Image Source: NASA / JHUAPL)
This is the second set of nomenclature for Pluto features. Two years ago the IAU named two mountains on Pluto after Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary who climbed Mount Everest.

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